Why Kyra is Important <A Look Into The Future>
The total world population is expected to grow to 9 billion by 2050, that is one third more mouths to feed by 2050. According to these projections the food produced globally will have to increase by 70 percent.
Food products can be classified into two types, products that are more responsive to higher incomes (such as livestock and dairy products) and the ones that react to lower disposable incomes (grains, fruits and vegetables). The production of livestock and dairy production can be increased by starting more production facilities or introducing artificial substitutes. On the other hand, increasing production of grains, fruits and vegetables by nearly 70 percent can be challenging as the arable land is expected to increase by only 190 million hectares (or less than 8 percent) some of this will also be offset by a decrease of about 50 million hectares in the developed countries.
To combat this more efficient cultivation methods need to be introduced or the losses sustained in the distribution need to be reduced, as the losses currently stand at a whopping 40-50 percent of the total food produced.
Developing economies need to cut down on losses in the supply chain or look at importing 300 million tonnes of grain by 2050, a threefold increase from 2009. This would then account for around 14 percent of the total consumption up from 9.2 percent currently The direct method to cut down on these losses is to increase the investment in warehousing and cold storage facilities. The alternate is to promote food products with significantly lower storage requirements, an example of this is dried fruits and vegetables. Dried fruits and vegetables have a much higher shelf life of up to 11 months and also do not require a cost intensive cold storage set up.