Red Algae (Kappaphycus alvarezii) in Indonesia
Indonesia is the largest producer of seaweed in the world, especially the type of Kappaphycus alvarezii. From the FAO statistical data released in March 2015, the production of Indonesian seaweed species Kappaphycus alvarezii in 2013 ranks first in the world in total amount of 8.3 million tons. The Ministry of Marine and Fisheries will encourage seaweed type Kappaphycus alvarezii to become carrageenan to improve the added value. Carrageenan is a hydrocoloid compound extracted from the red seaweed type Kappaphycus alvarezii. Currently, about 80 percent of Indonesian seaweed is exported in dry form. As an illustration, the price of dried seaweed in the international market is only 2 US dollars per kilogram. While processed seaweed priced 20 dollars per kilogram.