‘SITUATION OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN YANGON CITY OF MYANMAR’ by
Innowaste

‘SITUATION OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN YANGON CITY OF MYANMAR’ / Published March 14, 2018 by Pramisha Thapaliya

Pramisha Thapaliya

‘SITUATION OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN YANGON CITY OF MYANMAR’

SHORT BRIEF ON YANGON CITY
• Former capital of country Myanmar
• Area- 759 km2
• Population- 6.2 million (2017)
• 33 Townships in Yangon

PRIMARY BODY RESPONSIBLE FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT

• Pollution Control and Cleansing Department (PCCD)

Responsibilities-
a. Daily management
b. Pollution control (Progressing)

FACTS AND FIGURES

Total Waste Generation- 1,690 tonnes/day
Total Waste Collection- 1,550 tonnes/day
Gap- 140 tonnes, which share for recycling and illegal dumping
Organic waste- 76%
Plastic- 10 %
Papers and textiles- 0.1%
Others- 10%

Monthly fee for waste collection service-
• Old suburbs- 300 kyat per month per household
• Sub-urban- 450 kyat per month per household
• Central business district- 600 kyat per month per household
• Charges from commercial Centers, hotels, etc. are based on sizes, kind of facilities, waste types and others related.

WASTE COLLECTION METHODS
1. Collection by carts and trucks through Bell Ringing System
2. Collection at Street Dumps Yard
3. Kerb side collection

WASTE SEPARATION
Waste is mainly separated as WET and DRY. But all those separated wastes are loaded in the same vehicle for transportation.

WASTE COLLECTION AND TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES
• 13 kinds of trucks used for waste transportation
• Number of trucks available is 297 and capacity of truck varies from 2-8 tonnes per trip.
• Many trucks are too old and often, vehicle breakdown do happen.

EXISTING DUMPING SITES IN YANGON

S.N. NAME SIZE AMOUNT OF WASTE DISPOSED PER DAY FUTURE CONSIDERATIONS
1. HTAIN BIN Biggest open dumpsite 847 tonnes Plan to implement a landfill gas-to-energy recovery plant to replace this open dumpsite
2. HTAWE CHAUNG Second biggest open dumpsite 612 tonnes Planning for installment of incineration plant (with electricity recovery)
3. KYI SU
4. DA LA
5. HLAW GAR 25 tonnes Installment of small incineration (without electricity production) plants to replace
6. SHWE PYI THAR 50 tonnes Installment of small incineration (without electricity production) plants to replace

SITUATION OF WASTE RECYCLING

• 86 tonnes per day generated waste is recycled. Valuable recyclables are stored at household level and sold to the nearby junkshops.

COMPOSITION OF RECYCLABLES IN YANGON

Glass 56.30%
Tin Can 7.09%
Plastic 7.09%
Paper 12.43%
Cardboard 15.29%
Leather 0.14%
Steel 1.11%
Copper 0.42%
Lead 0.14%

PLASTIC RECYCLING ACTIVITIES
PLASTIC WASTE MELTING PLASTIC RESIN

WASTE BAGS PRODUCTION

GHG EMISSIONS FROM WASTE TRANSPORTATION
• 128,704 L diesel and 900 L of gasoline for waste transportation
• GHG emissions from transportation - 7.51 kg of CO2-eq/tonnes of waste
• Monthly GHG emission from transportation - 349 tonnes of CO2-eq/month

GHG EMISSIONS FROM OPEN DUMPING
• Emission of CH4 from open dumping - 22.88 kg of CH4/tonnes
• Direct GHG emission from mixed waste open dumping - 480.48 kg of CO2-eq/tonnes of mix waste
• GHG emission from open dumping from monthly disposed waste - 22,342 Tonnes of CO2-eq/month
GHG EMISSIONS FROM RECYCLING ACTIVITIES
• Direct GHG emissions from recycling - 866.42 kg of CO2-eq/tonnes of mixed recyclables
• Avoided GHG emissions from recycling via materials recovery- 2646.79 kg of CO2-eq/tonnes of mixed recyclables
• Net GHG emissions from recycling (life cycle perspective) -1780.37 kg of CO2-eq/tonnes of mixed recyclables
• Monthly total GHG reduction from recycling -4,593 Tonnes of CO2-eq/month

THANKING YOU! :)