Our Focus. The Current Situation by
9b Focus

Our Focus. The Current Situation / Published November 1, 2015 by David Maduri

David Maduri

Our Focus. The Current Situation

1. Most of the world’s hungry live in developing countries. According to the 2015 statistics from Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), there are 795 million hungry people in the world and 98 percent of them are in developing countries, and their distribution is as follows;
i) Three-quarters of all hungry people live in rural areas, mainly in the villages of Asia and Africa. Overwhelmingly dependent on agriculture for their food, these populations have no alternative source of income or employment. As a result, they are vulnerable to crises. Many migrate to cities in their search for employment, swelling the ever-expanding populations of shanty towns in developing countries.
ii) FAO calculates that around half of the world's hungry people are from smallholder farming communities, surviving off marginal lands prone to natural disasters like drought or flood. Another 20 percent belong to landless families dependent on farming and about 10 percent live in communities whose livelihoods depend on herding, fishing or forest resources. The remaining 20 percent live in shanty towns on the periphery of the biggest cities in developing countries. The numbers of poor and hungry city dwellers are rising rapidly along with the world's total urban population
iii) Women are the world's primary food producers, yet cultural traditions and social structures often mean women are much more affected by hunger and poverty than men. A mother who is stunted or underweight due to an inadequate diet often give birth to low birthweight children. Around 50 per cent of pregnant women in developing countries are iron deficient (source: Unicef). Lack of iron means 315,000 women die annually from hemorrhage at childbirth. As a result, women, and in particular expectant and nursing mothers, often need special or increased intake of food.
(SOURCE: World Food Program)

2. Asia is the continent with the most hungry people - two thirds of the total. The percentage in southern Asia has fallen in recent years but in western Asia it has increased slightly. Also, Sub-Saharan Africa is the region with the highest prevalence (percentage of population) of hunger. One person in four there is undernourished. Both of these continents lie in the tropics.
(SOURCE: World Food Program)
The tropic alone, therefore has 80% of the world's hungry and it has the fastest increasing population. Africa alone will drive more than half of the rise in population rise in the next 25 to 35 years (United Nations)