Preview - Second Generation of Green Revolution
Accomplishing global food security in 2050 – feeding 9Bn people; will require continuous increases in agriculture productivity which includes rice cultivation; Oryzae sativa sp. However, the usage of pesticides and synthetic fertilisers in rice cultivation has resulted in environmental pollution and deterioration of soil properties. Biochar which produced from coconut shells possesses abilities in improving efficiency of synthetic nitrogen fertilisers and enhancement of micronutrient uptake in Oryzae sativa sp. and resulted in enhancement of rice yield. On top of that, diseases caused by Xanthomonas oryzae sp. – such as bacterial blight (BB) and bacterial leaf streak; have resulted in loses of yield. Plants-derive products from pineapple waste (pyroligneous acids) may have significant role in crop protections - as compensatory substances for synthetic pesticides which potentially reduced the viability of the pathogenic bacteria. Thus, the aim of this project is to develop a novel approach in agricultural practices (rice cultivar MR269) by combining coconut shells biochar applications and pineapple pyroligneous acids. It is believed that synergistically effects of coconut shells biochar and pineapple pyroligneous acid could be the emergence of “Second-Generation of Green Revolution” which could counteracts the deleterious effect of previous agricultural practices and increase rice cultivar productivity.