Case Study: The End of Hunger in Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Belo Horizonte, the third most populous metropolitan city in Brazil, is one of the most progressive actors in poverty reduction. Home to nearly 2.5 million, Belo Horizonte practices the Right to Food that perceives food as a human right rather than a commodity. Poverty rates have dropped dramatically in Belo Horizonte since policy makers enacted this act in 1993.
The Right to Food guarantees healthy and accessible food to all citizens in Belo Horizonte. Policy makers use systematic approach to effectively execute this law by implementing the following techniques:
1. Integrating logistics and supply chains of the food system
2. Tying local producers to consumers to reduce prices and increase food sovereignty
3. Regulating markets on produce that guarantees the right to healthy, high-quality food
Poverty has reduced drastically in Belo Horizonte, Brazil since the Right to Food law passed in 1993. Benefits include:
1. Reduction of the child mortality rate by 60 percent
2. Reduction of child undernourishment under the age of 5 by 75 percent
3. Fruit and vegetable intake increase by 25 percent
The Right to Food law is an award winning policy and serves as an inspirational example of how food redistribution saves lives. UNESCO named the Right to Food law, Best-Practice in 2003. The Right to Food law also received the Future Policy Award by the World Future Council in 2009.
We at Trofi believe that we need to tackle the issue of Hunger from a bottom-to-top approach. By eliminating middlemen in agriculture we can isolate the detrimental effects of competition in the market and eradicate them, thereby emphasizing the freedom in free markets. Eliminating middlemen would ensure more profits for the farmers, guarantee high-quality food (easier regulation) and bring down prices for the consumers.