We are interested in developing a food product, jackfruit seed powder.
priya ayyar U of Edinburgh, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
We are interested in developing a food product, jackfruit seed powder.
The world’s population is expected to grow around 9 billion by 2050. 70% more food must be produced in order to nourish the human population. According to World Food Program, 795 million people does not get enough of food, 98% of the population is undernourished in developing countries where most of the population is affected in Asia following countries like Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and Caribbean.
The jackfruit goes waste in western Maharashtra, as people are unaware of its uses. By increasing its production through the micropropagation, plenty of jackfruits will be available and extraction of its flour could be a substitute of wheat which could possibly feed the hunger.
The set up of plant tissue culture lab could generate progress in the local economy,women empowerment and also will create opportunities for exporting the jackfruit flour to various countries.
The world’s population is expected to increase from 6.7 in 2012 to 9 billion by the year 2050 (Ronald, 2011). According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (FAO) 70% more food must be produced in order to nourish the human population. Agriculture plays a very important role in providing food and income for the majority of the population (Diao et al, 2007). According to World Food Program, 795 million people does not get enough of food, 98% of the population is undernourished in developing countries where most of the population is affected in Asia following countries like Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and Caribbean (https://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats). One of the global fruit the Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), is a dicotyledonous compound fruit that belongs to family Moraceae, which is also known as jack tree, jakfruit, or also called as jack (Elevitch and Manner 2006). The fruit is native to parts of South and Southeast Asia, and originated in the south western rain forests of India and a national fruit of Bangladesh. The states like Tamil Nadu, Goa, Kerala, Maharashtra (Bonin, 2006) and Karnataka are highly producing states of jackfruit. The tree grows well in the tropical lowlands and its fruit is almost of the weight around 3-30 kg (Elevitch and Manner 2006). The jackfruit tree is a widely cultivated and the fruit is used in several food items (Abdul, 2012).The internal part of the fruit called as flesh is starchy and fibrous (Sidhu, 2012). It is rich in fibres mainly used in South and Southeast Asian cuisines such as curries, sugar syrup and desserts. The yield of major food crops such as rice, wheat, maize, corn and soybean is depleted by 10% due to rise in temperature (www.psr.org). The jackfruit tree does not require much fertilizers and pesticides, as it could withstand the pests and diseases. It is also drought resistant (Rodrigues et al, 2010). However, in some parts of countries like India, this fruit is sidelined were it does not get much attention regarding any policy making such as its health, economic productivity and its business potential. Jackfruit tree yields fruits twice a year. There is a huge loss in the postharvest of jackfruit. The seeds go waste on a large scale. Jackfruit is referred as “The Poor man’s food” (Rahman et al, 1995). Jackfruit seed could be manipulated in preparation of flour and can be proved as a good substitute for wheat. The flour can be used as an alternative ingredient in bakery and bread preparation (Hasidah and Noor Aziah, 2003).The nutritional values are superior regarding the higher carbohydrates, fat, proteins and crude fibre (Hossain et al, 2014). Most of the parts in country like India such as a Maharashtra state face as scarcity of rainfall including regions of Marathawada and Vidharbha where jackfruit could be a substitute plantation. Marathwada and Vidharba are regions of Maharashtra that are marred with millions of farmer’s suicide. The farmers have committed suicide due to several factors immediate being unseasonal rainfalls, crop failure, lack of state support system, global competition for cotton etc, high debts etc. Thus, Jackfruit could be alternative and potentially a saviour for the distressed farmers and poor of India. Jackfruit seeds are also important in medicinal properties. Seeds contain two lectins namely jacalin and artocarpin. Jacalin has been proved to be useful for the evaluation of the immune status of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (Haq, 2006). Another aspect of this project would be to set up a Plant tissue culture laboratory which could be helpful to generate jackfruit plantlets throughout the year exploiting the healthy juvenile shoots. Therefore, an ample amount of plant supply could be assured through the setup of a PTC lab. Heterozygosis is one of the demerits of propagation of this plant, therefore, plant tissue culture technique could be used to maintain the true type quality fruit (Kar et al, 2012). Therefore jackfruit a miracle food could be an answer for the ever increasing global hunger. Mission Statement: The idea is to popularize the cultivation, production and consumption of Jackfruit, domestically and internationally. With its bountiful of benefits and its untapped potential, the idea is to generate sustainable production and consumption of Jackfruit.
The world’s population is expected to grow around 9 billion by 2050. World is facing a shortage of food supply and millions are affected by scarcity of food. Hunger has become a crisis globally. We are a team with like minds who aims to eradicate hunger. Our team consist of research student from various fields such as sociology, geography and molecular biology. We are interested in developing a food product, jackfruit seed powder which could be an answer for the future global hunger by manipulating agriculture as a fundamental tool. We do care for the nation as huge number of population is malnutrioned while rates of Food is the basic necessity where Mother Nature is the source of it. But due to the lack of awareness, poverty and illiteracy proper production and plantation is lacking. Subsequently we could take the initiative in implementing our innovative idea for the production of jackfruit flour which could be an alternative for ever increasing cost of major crops. Our team consists of three member’s, all of them are PhD students. Mr.Lalit Khandare is pursuing his PhD in Indiana University, USA. He is basically working in the area of social policy , philanthropy, poverty and exclusion and women’s empowerment. He has a Masters degree in Social Work from India’s leading institute Tata Institute of Social Sciences. He has worked in the field and has experience of working with the poor and marginalized communities in India. He is also a contributor to Amartya Sen’s and Sabina Alkire’s Capability Association and has been invited to attend their summer school in Peru. Currently, he is pursuing his doctoral studies at Indiana University, USA. The other member of the team is Mr. Vinay Ayyar who is pursuing his PhD in Tata institute of social science, Mumbai, and his research on the climatic conditions changes and its impact of Indian farmers. Last but not the least, I am a team member and also currently a PhD student from University of Edinburgh, and my research is in plant disease resistance, where I am working to explore the possible role of S-nitrosylation (a redox-based post-translational modification process) in jasmonic acid signalling pathway during plant immune response. By implementing our academic background our team would make a contribution towards the world.