Team roachfeeds

makerere university uganda, Uganda

Our Team

Title RAISING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND REDUCING RISKS AND VULNERABILITY BY USE OF ROACH FEEDS

Cockroaches have been proposed [citation] as a high quality, efficient and sustainable alternative protein source for animals especially poultry and pig. Using cockroach as a protein source can contribute to global food security via feed or as a direct food source for humans.
The Dutch Ministry of EL&I initiated this study early 2012 in order to explore application of cockroach as a sustainable source of feed. This initiative identifies specifically the opportunities and limitations for use of cockroach in feed [citation].
In 2011, the world compound feed production was an estimated 870 million tones and the turnover of global commercial feed manufacturing generated an estimated annual turnover and sales value equivalent to US$350 billion worldwide (http://www.ifif.org/).
The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimates that the world will have to produce more than 70% more food by 2050 due to the increasing population which is estimated to be 9.5 billion by 2050. Concerning animal protein production, the International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF) believes that the production of meat (poultry/swine/beef) will even double. This poses severe challenges to the global capacity to provide enough feed. Currently, important protein ingredients for animal feed are fish meal, processed animal proteins and soybean meal. However, in the European Union the use of processed animal proteins in animal feed is prohibited due to the TSE legislation. Globally land availability for soya cultivation is limited, while marine overexploitation has reduced the abundance of small pelagic forage fish from which fish meal and fish oil is derived. The growing scarcity of resources to produce these increasingly demanded ingredients has doubled prices during the last five years, while it already represents 60-70% of production costs.
So, alternative (animal) protein sources for livestock and aquaculture are urgently needed. Cockroach is such an alternative animal protein source, which can sustainably be reared by commercial and potentially for households in Uganda.
According to our preliminary laboratory work, Cockroach protein ranges between 30% and 70% on a dry matter basis. This range is determined by type of food they eat, species of cockroach and environmental factors. But by cockroach species, Americana Periplaneta has the highest protein on dry matter basis and it already thrives in Uganda to levels that it is a household pest. From our laboratory tests, we found out that the cockroach larvae and nymph stages have varying protein contents.
The protein content of the cockroach species is within the soybean/fish meal range and fat content is higher especially compared to (defatted) soybean meal.

Our Mission

Our Mission With a well trained and motivated team, we will rear and process cockroaches to manufacture and sell top quality branded roach feeds through best practice of safety and ethics at competitive prices so as to satisfy customers and improve stakeholder value.

Our Background

We are a team of 4 students (of different academic disciplines) from Makerere University, We are launching a project to help decrease the cost of feeds in poultry and pig farming in Uganda. Families /farmers involved in poultry and piggery spend a lot of their income buying fish meal (a derivative of freshwater Silver Fish locally called Mukene) to use as a major protein source in poultry and pig feeds. Silver fish also known as silver cyprinid, Rastrineobola argentea, is a species of ray-finned fish in the family Cyprinidae, the only member of the genus Rastrineobola. It is found in the Lake Victoria of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda and some in Lake Kyoga in the Great Lakes Region of East Africa. Its local names are omena (Kenya), dagaa (Tanzania), and mukene (Uganda). It is caught using light attraction during moonless nights. and in the morning it's spread out for drying in the sun. This takes one day or more, depending on the weather, Drying is often done on the sand, on rocks or on old nets spread on the grass. Drying racks have not caught on, neither have salting or smoking. The dried fish is packed in sacks and traders take the fish to the market The scarcity of poultry feeds has hit the poultry and piggery industry hard, forcing a number of commercial and household farmers out of the business. The key ingredients in the production of chicken and pig feeds include: maize bran, rice bran, cotton seed cake, soya bean and silver fish (mukene). Currently soya bean is no commonly used due to its scarcity and high price. The main protein source is the silver fish but it is also expensive compared to the other non-protein ingredients. Silverfish price is highly influenced by the demand for it as food and the demand for as ingredient in poultry and piggery feeds. Currently silverfish is only found in Lake Victoria and Lake Kyoga and doesn’t exist in the other freshwater bodies. In addition to this, the fastest growing species of silver fish matures between 16-25 months (Manyala & Ojouk, 2007) In this project we aim to reduce and eventually substitute the amount of fish meal that is currently being used in poultry and piggery feed formulation in Uganda and East Africa. This will directly increase the profitability of the poultry and piggery industry at household and commercial level, through reduced feed cost. Feed costs are the major costs within the poultry and piggery value chain, and by reducing this one cost, there will be a considerable decrease in unit cost of production, thus leading to higher profitability and sustainability of this industry. We have an efficient poverty reduction program. Such feeds are grossly in efficient especially compared to the latest increase in the Uganda and world population at large and the over exploitation silver fish. We therefore decide to retro lit the use of fish meal to cock feeds. This has the potential to save families /farmers shs :300 (three hundred) and above on every kilogram of feeds bought, a significant saving in a region where people typically earn and live below one dollar($1)

Title RAISING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AND REDUCING RISKS AND VULNERABILITY BY USE OF ROACH FEEDS

Cockroaches have been proposed [citation] as a high quality, efficient and sustainable alternative protein source for animals especially poultry and pig. Using cockroach as a protein source can contribute to global food security via feed or as a direct food source for humans.
The Dutch Ministry of EL&I initiated this study early 2012 in order to explore application of cockroach as a sustainable source of feed. This initiative identifies specifically the opportunities and limitations for use of cockroach in feed [citation].
In 2011, the world compound feed production was an estimated 870 million tones and the turnover of global commercial feed manufacturing generated an estimated annual turnover and sales value equivalent to US$350 billion worldwide (http://www.ifif.org/).
The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimates that the world will have to produce more than 70% more food by 2050 due to the increasing population which is estimated to be 9.5 billion by 2050. Concerning animal protein production, the International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF) believes that the production of meat (poultry/swine/beef) will even double. This poses severe challenges to the global capacity to provide enough feed. Currently, important protein ingredients for animal feed are fish meal, processed animal proteins and soybean meal. However, in the European Union the use of processed animal proteins in animal feed is prohibited due to the TSE legislation. Globally land availability for soya cultivation is limited, while marine overexploitation has reduced the abundance of small pelagic forage fish from which fish meal and fish oil is derived. The growing scarcity of resources to produce these increasingly demanded ingredients has doubled prices during the last five years, while it already represents 60-70% of production costs.
So, alternative (animal) protein sources for livestock and aquaculture are urgently needed. Cockroach is such an alternative animal protein source, which can sustainably be reared by commercial and potentially for households in Uganda.
According to our preliminary laboratory work, Cockroach protein ranges between 30% and 70% on a dry matter basis. This range is determined by type of food they eat, species of cockroach and environmental factors. But by cockroach species, Americana Periplaneta has the highest protein on dry matter basis and it already thrives in Uganda to levels that it is a household pest. From our laboratory tests, we found out that the cockroach larvae and nymph stages have varying protein contents.
The protein content of the cockroach species is within the soybean/fish meal range and fat content is higher especially compared to (defatted) soybean meal.

Our Team

Our Mission

Our Mission With a well trained and motivated team, we will rear and process cockroaches to manufacture and sell top quality branded roach feeds through best practice of ...Read More

Our Background

We are a team of 4 students (of different academic disciplines) from Makerere University, We are launching a project to help decrease the cost of feeds in poultry ...Read More

The information contained here represents student project ideas developed as the result of brainstorming activities during Round 1 of the TFF Challenge. It does not represent any final business plans or commercial products.