Post-harvest losses of food and lack of food transportation
There has been high rate of post harvest food losses in many developing countries, which is caused by inferior technology in harvesting, transportation, storage both at the farms and markets and distribution before it reaches the final consumers.
According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization report of 2015 in the city of Arusha in Tanzania, just like other cities in Africa about 50% of food especially fruits, vegetables and honey gets spoilt and lost through poor handling, packaging, storage and distribution from farms to final consumers (FAO, 2015)..
On one hand small scale farmers harvest farm products unsystematically because they lack clear information on available markets while on the other hand, final consumers of food are short of records on when the preferred foodstuffs are delivered in markets. Whereas food suppliers and transporters take advantage of plentiful harvest at the farms by pulling down prices and buy large amounts, and business people at the markets and vendors hoard plenty of food, poor handling, storage and distribution facilities at all those stages make about 50% of the total yields in Arusha city to get spoilt and lost before reaching final consumers.